Test your Reading Skills #02

Test your Reading Skills #02

Reading comprehension

Read the following passage carefully before answering the questions. This exercise aimed at enhancing your reading and comprehending skills.

THE REVOLT OF 1857

 

It was the morning of 11 May 1857. The city of Delhi had not yet woken up when a band of Sepoys from Meerut, who had defied and killed the European officers the previous day, crossed the Jamuna, set the toll house on fire and marched to the Red Fort. They entered the Red Fort, to appeal to Bahadur Shah II, the Moghul Emperor— a pensioner of the British East India Company, to become their leader, thus, giving legitimacy to their cause. Bahadur Shah vacillated as he was neither sure of the intentions of the sepoys nor of his own ability to play an effective role. He was however persuaded, and was proclaimed the Shahenshah-e-Hindustan.

 

The Revolt at Meerut and the capture of Delhi was the precursor to a widespread mutiny by the sepoys and rebellion almost all over North India, as well as Central and Western India. South India remained quiet and Punjab and Bengal were only marginally affected. Almost half the Company’s sepoy strength of 2,32,224 opted out of their loyalty to their regimental colors and overcame the ideology of the army, meticulously constructed over a period of time through training and discipline. The 19th Native Infantry at Berhampur which refused to use the newly introduced Enfield Rifle, was disbanded in March 1857. A young sepoy of the 34th Native Infantry, Mangal Pande, went a step further and fired at the Sergeant Major of his regiment. He was overpowered and executed and his regiment too, was disbanded. In the absence of any leaders from their own ranks, the insurgents turned to the traditional leaders of Indian society — the territorial aristocrats and feudal chiefs who had suffered at the hands of the British. At Kanpur, the natural choice was Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the last Peshwa,Baji Rao II. He had refused the family title and, banished from Poona, was living near Kanpur. Begum Hazrat Mahal took over the reigns where popular sympathy was overwhelmingly in favour of the deposed Nawab. At Barielly, Khan Bahadur, a descendant of the former ruler of Rohilkhand was placed in command. Living on a pension granted by the British, he was not too enthusiastic about the revolt.

Source: This article is from India’s struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra, Mridula Mukherjee and others.

https://erenow.com/exams/indiasstruggleforindependence/2.html

 

  1. 1 Bahadur Shah was unsure before leading 1857 revolt because…

 

(a) He was a pensioner of the British East India Company

(b) As he was already Moghul Emperor, so did not want to indulge in revolt.

(c) He was not sure about his ability to take up the challenge

(d) He did not want to give legitimacy to the cause of the sepoys

 

Q.2 Which of the following sentence is incorrect as per the passage

 

(a) Bahadur Shah II and Khan Bahadur, a descendant of the former ruler of Rohilkhand were pensioner of British government.

(b) Both the 19th Native Infantry at Berhampur and Native Infantry of Mangal Pande were disbanded

(c) The sepoys looked up to the upper class and kings and queens for leadership, who had suffered at the hands of the British

(d) The Revolt of 1957 was followed with widespread mutiny by the sepoys and rebellion all over North India, Central and Western India, South India, Punjab and Bengal with equal intensity and fervour

 

Q.3 What is the tone of the passage?

(a) Informative                           (b) Critical                            (c) Analytical               (d) Irony

 

Q.4 Who among the leaders of Mutiny 1957 was not descendent of royal family?

 

(a) Bahadur Shah II, the Moghul Emperor                             (b) Peshwa Nana Saheb

(c) Begum Hazrat Mahal                                                        (d) Khan Bahadur of Rohilkhand

 

Q.5 Find out the meaning of the highlighted word in the following sentence. – “The Revolt at Meerut and the capture of Delhi was the precursor to a widespread mutiny by the sepoys and rebellion almost all over North India, as well as Central and Western India.”

(a)   Predecessor         (b) Placatory                           (c) Appeasing              (d) conciliatory

 

RC 2 Answers and Solutions

 

Q.1 (C) Bahadur Shah vacillated as he was neither sure of the intentions of the sepoys nor of his own ability to play an effective role.

Q.2 (d) The Revolt at Meerut and the capture of Delhi was the precursor to a widespread mutiny by the sepoys and rebellion almost all over North India, as well as Central and Western India. South India remained quiet and Punjab and Bengal were only marginally affected.

Q.3 (a) It presents information about Revolt of 1957. It does not criticize or analyze the revolt. There is not any example of Irony as well.

Q.4 (b) . At Kanpur, the natural choice was Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the last Peshwa,Baji Rao II.

Q.5 (a) Predecessor (Other options are opposite in meaning. They also do not fit in the sentence)

 

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